Hole in The Heart(Congenital Heart Disease)

How can you suspect that your baby was born with heart defect?

1. Baby becomes bluish or blackish during feeding, crying or any time for a very brief period

2. Sweating of forehead during feeding

3. Repeated attacks of cough, cold, pneumonia

4. Frequent pause during feeding

5. Breathing difficulty all the time during feeding

6. Not gaining weight

Burping After Breastfeeding

1. Touch baby’s bell with your upper chest and gently pat the back. NB. Be very careful holding child in this position because your minor mistake may lead   the child to fall backward.

2. Simply hold your baby in sitting position and pat the back. NB.  Support the neck because your baby has no neck control.

3. Touch baby’s belly with one of your knees and gently pat the back. NB. Keep the head end above the legs.


Where to Go?

1. My Baby is 0 to 28 Days Old- Neonatologist

2. My Baby Has Heart Problem- Paediatric Cardiologist

3. My Baby Has Lung Problem- Paediatric Pulmonologist

4. My Baby Has Kidney Problem- Paediatric Nephrologist

5. My Baby Has Liver & Abdominal Problem- Paediatric Gastroenterologist

6. My Baby Has Blood Disorder- Paediatric Hematologist & Oncologist

7. My Baby Suffers From  Joint Pain/Swelling- Paediatric Rheumatologist

8. My Baby is Short/Obese/Having Abnormal Genitalia- Paediatric Endocrinologist

9. My Baby Has Brain Problem- Paediatric Neurologist

10. I don’t Understand Where is The Problem- General Paediatrician

Nasal blockage & its home remedy

While suffering from common cold, a baby’s nose very often becomes stuffy, congested and blocked by discharge. As neonates (0-28days old babies) are obligatory nasal breathers, their normal breathing process become difficult. Nasal blockage also creates a very irritating and disturbing sensation in children, while sleeping or remaining wide awake, and badly interferes with breast feeding. So, whenever your child has nasal discharge, considering that the nose is blocked, some easy to apply home measures could be taken. Clean the liquid secretion by the nose using a cotton bud. Insert the cotton bud into the nose and twirl it round and round until the nose is totally clean. Then apply two drops of Norsol drop to each nostril.  After that, gently and for a short while only, give a  massage outside the nose. It will soften the hard crust inside the nose and help in drainage, thereby facilitating comfortable breathing for the baby. Apply this process 3-4 times daily until relief. Norsol is normal saline (0.9%), and is not harmful for the baby .Without consulting your doctor about your baby, you should not use nasal drops containing Xylometazoline or Oxymetazoline; their frequent use may destroy nasal mucosa.

Protect Your Child From Urinary Infection

If you can follow some simple tips, then your baby can remain protected from getting urinary infection. Urinary tract infection is much more common in female due to various factors. Occurrence of urinary infection repeatedly in a child may cause severe damage to kidneys and may lead to kidney failure.

1.Do not wipe from back to front after passing stool (in female babies)

2.Do not use tight clothing (underwear)

3.Protect from worm infestation and treat it

4.Prevent constipation and treat it

5.Avoid bathtub bath

6.Do not use pampers for long time and regularly

7.Circumcise your male baby if required

NB: If your baby has got first urinary tract infection at any age, don’t forget to perform some investigations after consulting pediatric nephrologist.

Mathematics of your child’s growth

What should be the weight of your child?

1.Birth weight- 2.5kg to 4.00kg(In case of healthy term baby)

2.Weight doubles by 5th months,triples by 12th months and quadriples by 2 years

3.Age 3 to 9 years- (Age in year +4) X 2 kg

4.Age >9 to 18 years- Age in year x 3 kg

What should be the height/length of your baby?

1.Birth length-50 cm

2.Length doubles by 4 years of age

3.Thereafter,yearly increment 6-7 cm

Example-Hight of a 5 years old child is  100cm + 7cm = 107cm


When you will suspect your child has developmental delay

One should suspect developmental delay in a child if the child does not achieve-

1.Social smile(smile looking at it’s mother) by 3 months

2.Neck control by 5 months

3.Sits without support by 12 months

4.Stands without support by 18 months

5.Walks well by 20 months

6.2-3 words sentence by 36 months

7.Tells self name by 48 months

8.Toilet control by 60 months


Is your baby 1-2 years old? Stay even more alert!

This issue might be something we can’t even imagine. However this is taking place frequently. Every day, on average, 48 children die as a result of drowning. That drowning takes place only in lakes or rivers, is not the case. It can even occur in the house. Children aged 1-2 years, who have just learned to walk, are specially victim to drowning. Commonly that is the case, children fall upside-down into buckets full of water and drown. Therefore, those people who have a 1-2 year old child in their house, must lock the doors to their bathrooms at all times, and keep every  water-container , that is large enough for a child to fall into, empty.

How to tie & cut umbilical cord

After birth, it is very important to cut the umbilical cord with a clean, aseptic blade or scissor. Clean and aseptic instrument is mandatory to prevent infection like tetanus. There is a unique rule how to knot or clip the cord before cutting and that is 214.According to Bangladesh neonatal forum, the first knot has to be given two fingers apart from abdomen, second knot one finger apart from the first knot and third knot four fingers apart from the second knot. The cord has to be cut in between second and third knot,one finger away from the second knot. The cut end should be wiped with povidone iodine (povisep/arodin/viodin) solution.